Discover Spain

Currency

Euro

Capital

Madrid

Languages Spoken

Spanish

Fun Foods

Paella, Tapas, Patatas Bravas, Churros

Spain, a country located in southwestern Europe, has a rich and complex history that spans thousands of years. In a short overview of 200 words, here are key historical events and developments in Spain.

Ancient Spain was inhabited by various tribes, including the Iberians, Celts, and Phoenicians. The Roman Empire conquered the Iberian Peninsula in the 2nd century BCE, introducing Latin and Roman customs.

In the 8th century CE, the Moors, led by the Umayyad Caliphate, invaded the peninsula, establishing Muslim rule. The following centuries witnessed the "Reconquista," a Christian campaign to recapture the land from Muslim control.

By the late 15th century, the Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile married, merging their kingdoms and finalizing the Reconquista. Spain began its Golden Age with exploration and colonization of the Americas, making it a major global power.

However, religious conflict emerged with the Protestant Reformation, leading to the Spanish Inquisition and persecution of religious minorities. Spain faced economic decline in the 17th century and saw the loss of territories through wars and revolutions.

In the early 19th century, Spain faced Napoleonic invasions and subsequent struggles for independence in its American colonies. The 20th century witnessed political instability, the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), and the ensuing dictatorship of General Francisco Franco until his death in 1975.

Since then, Spain transitioned to democracy and experienced economic growth, joining the European Union in 1986. Today, Spain embraces its cultural diversity, regional autonomy, and remains a popular tourist destination renowned for its art, cuisine, and vibrant traditions.

Source ChatGPT and Wikipedia

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Alcazar of Segovia

Originally a Roman fort, the castle is one of the most recognizable in Spain due to it's unique shape.

Alhambra

Started in 1238, this Islamic palace complex was a self-contained city during the Nasrid era.

Amphitheatre of Tarraco

A 15,000 person entertainment venue built in the 2nd century.

Aqueduct of Segovia

This well preserved Roman aqueduct dates back to the 1st century AD.

Circ Romà

A 325-meter track built for racing chariots.

Hanging Houses of Cuenca

These unique cliff-side houses are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Magic Fountain of Montjuïc

The fountain uses 3620 water jets to create an impressive visual display.

Palacio Real de Madrid

The Royal Palace of Madrid is the official home of the royal family although they do not live there.

Park Guell

Designed by Antonio Gaudi, the park's unique design and beautiful city views are not to be missed.

Puente Nuevo

120-meter tall bridge connecting the city of Ronda

Roman Theatre of Mérida

Built between 16 and 15 BC by order of the Roman consul Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa.

Sagrada Familia

Still under construction, this unique basilica began development in 1882.

Segovia Cathedral

This large cathedral constructed in the 16th century was dedicated to the Virgin Mary.

Telefónica Building

Completed in 1930, it was the tallest building in Madrid until 1953.

Temple Expiatori del Sagrat Cor

Enjoy panoramic views of Barcelona from this church at the summit of Mount Tibidabo.

Temple of Diana

Made of granite, the temple was built in a classic Roman style.