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Canada's history is a blend of indigenous civilizations, European exploration, colonization, and the development of a multicultural nation. The region now known as Canada was inhabited by various indigenous peoples for thousands of years before European contact.
European exploration began in the late 15th century when John Cabot, a Venetian explorer, arrived on the shores of Newfoundland in 1497. The French and British established settlements and competed for control of North America, leading to conflicts such as the Seven Years' War. The Treaty of Paris in 1763 transferred Canada from France to Britain.
In the late 18th century, tensions between British settlers and the French-speaking population in Quebec, as well as dissatisfaction with British rule, led to the War of 1812 and subsequent rebellions. The Act of Union in 1840 united Upper and Lower Canada, laying the foundation for the future Dominion of Canada.
In 1867, the Dominion of Canada was established through the British North America Act, joining four provinces: Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia. The country rapidly expanded westward, acquiring vast territories through treaties, purchases, and negotiations with indigenous peoples.
Canada faced challenges such as the construction of the transcontinental railway, the Klondike Gold Rush, and participation in both World Wars. In 1931, the Statute of Westminster granted Canada legislative independence from Britain, though formal constitutional independence was achieved only in 1982 with the Canada Act.
Canada has evolved into a prosperous and multicultural nation, welcoming immigrants from around the world. It is recognized for its commitment to democracy, human rights, and social welfare. Today, Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories, with Ottawa as the capital.
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Named after Mount Royal, it held the first hockey game in the world in 1875.
Take in the views from the CN Tower, then enjoy some time at the Hockey Hall of Fame.
Explore Stanley Park, one of the largest urban parks in the world.
Banff National Park
Established in 1885, the park's glaciers and icefields are some of the largest in the Rockies.
More than 90% of the water flowing at Niagara goes over this 167-foot tall waterfall.
Jasper National Park
Located north of Banff, the park, established in 1930, protects the beautiful forests and mountains in the province of Alberta.
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve
Located along the Pacific Coast, its rugged coastline and temperate rainforests have been protected since 1970.
Prince Edward Island National Park
Established in 1937, the park protects the vulnerable northern beaches, dunes, and marshes on the island.