Discover Greece





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Dolmades, Moussaka, Pastitsio, Souvlaki, Baklava, Loukoumades

Greece has been a center of civilization for thousands of years.

Ancient Greece flourished between the 8th and 6th centuries BCE, marked by the rise of city-states known as polis. Athens, Sparta, and Corinth were among the most prominent. Greek society fostered democracy, philosophy (with notable thinkers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle), literature (epics like the Iliad and the Odyssey), and the Olympic Games.

The Persian Wars (490-479 BCE) saw Greece unite against the invading Persian Empire, leading to Greek victories, most notably at the Battle of Marathon and the Battle of Thermopylae.

The Golden Age of Athens (5th century BCE) under Pericles brought forth remarkable achievements in arts, architecture (Parthenon), drama (works of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides), and the birth of democracy.

However, internal conflicts and the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE) between Athens and Sparta weakened Greece, eventually falling under the rule of Macedon and Alexander the Great (336-323 BCE). Alexander's empire spread Hellenistic culture throughout the known world.

Following Alexander's death, Greece was divided and controlled by various kingdoms, including the Romans who eventually conquered Greece in 146 BCE, integrating it into the Roman Empire.

Greece became the Byzantine Empire's heart after the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century CE. The Byzantine era lasted until the 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks conquered Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) in 1453, ending Byzantine rule.

Centuries later, Greece fought for independence from the Ottomans, gaining sovereignty in 1830 after a long and arduous struggle. Modern Greece faced political upheavals, including dictatorships, but eventually established a democratic republic in 1974.

Today, Greece is renowned for its rich cultural heritage, architectural marvels, and contributions to philosophy, literature, and the arts. Its ancient ruins, such as the Acropolis, Delphi, and Olympia, continue to inspire awe, while its vibrant cities and beautiful islands attract visitors from around the world.

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