Rome Tour Guide
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Rome is the capital city of Italy. It is a gorgeous city that has about 2,872,800 residents. It is also the capital of the region of Lazio. It’s located in the center of the Italian peninsula and is on the Tiber River about 15 miles inland from the Tyrrhenian Sea.
The city is known as a cosmopolitan city. It holds 3000 years of global influence in architecture, culture, art, and so much more. Today is it still very influential as in all those things and is a favorite tourist destination as well.
One amazing thing about the city is that it has over 900 churches. It also has 280 fountains. About 700,000 euros worth of coins get tossed into the Trevi Fountain in Rome every year.
Back in the early fourth century, the Romans built a road that stretched across 53,000 miles. It came to be known as the “Roman Road” and is a major attraction for tourists. The Vatican City, the Forum, and the Pantheon are other places visitors flock to.
A famous saying is, “When in Rome, do as the Romans do.” That sums up how visitors feel when visiting...quite at home, almost like a local.
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Top Historical Places
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The Appian Way is an ancient road, built of paving blocks. It is located in Rome and was built in 312 BC for the purpose of transporting military supplies. It is called the “Queen of Roads” because it has lasted so long.
The Ancient Appian was Rome’s gateway to the East before modern streets and highways were built. It was a straight line to the important town of Capua and then stretched on 400 miles to Brindisi where Roman ships sailed to Egypt and Greece.
Tourists come to admire the Ancient Appian Way and to take a step back in time. The road can be accessed by bike, on foot, and parts of it by car.
The Colosseum is a large oval amphitheater in the city of Rome. The structure is also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre and was built between 70 and 80 AD under the Roman emperor Vespasian and finished under Emperor Titus.
The Colosseum is huge, and was estimated to have been able to hold between 50,000 and 80,000 people when it was still active. The space was used for battles between gladiators, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and even as a large stage to put on Classical mythology plays.
The Pantheon is considered the most well-preserved and important building from ancient Rome. Initially built in 27 BC, it was dedicated to Romulus, the mythological founder of Ancient Rome and as a temple to all gods, - the word Pantheon means “honor all Gods.”
After being damaged by fire, it was rebuilt by the Romans in 125 AD which means that it’s now nearly 1,900 years old. The ancient Pantheon boasts the world’s single largest unsupported dome, measuring 142 feet in diameter and height. When great artist Michelangelo saw this wonder for the first time, he was said to have exclaimed that it looked “more like the work of angels, not humans.”
The Roman Forum (Foro Romano) was an open-air location in the heart of the ancient city where many events took place - including political, religious, important meetings, criminal trials, buying and selling of goods, gladiator fights, and social activities. The Forum opened about 500 BC around the time that the Roman Republic was founded.
Today, you can walk through and explore the remains. Here you will find the Senate House, the Temple of Saturn, the Arch of Titus, and the Rostra where important speeches were given.
The Colosseum entrance fee also includes admission to the Roman Forum and the Palatine Hill.
Located in the Vatican Palace, the Sistine Chapel is a large 15th-century chapel where the Pope lives, and in which popes are chosen and crowned. One of the main attractions of the Vatican City, it serves as the pope’s own chapel, used for important ceremonies and masses, but it’s perhaps most famous for its remarkable fresco paintings by Renaissance artist Michelangelo. The ceiling is one of Michelangelo’s most famous works, created between 1508 and 1512, with the painter working from a high platform with his arms stretched over his head, brush in hand.
When entering the chapel, you can almost see him working while he wipes sweat from his eyes, toiling year after year often in intense heat, breathing in the terrible smell from the wet plaster used to create the masterpiece he never really wanted to paint in the first place. The artist considered himself more of a sculptor, with no experience painting frescoes – in fact, it’s been said that when he painted, he essentially painted sculpture on his surfaces. As you gaze up at the chapel ceiling, it’s easy to see this was the case, with his monumental figures embodying both beauty and strength.
The Spainish Steps climb from Piazza di Spagna to the Trinita dei Monti. They were constucted in 1723 by architects Francesco de Sanctis and Alessandro Specchi. This is a very popular photo spot for tourists so expect it to be very busy. Climb the 135 steps to the top to get a nice view of the surrounding piazza.
Trevi Fountain is located in the Trevi district of Rome. Its origins date all the way back to 19 BC, when Marcus Agrippa, a Roman consul and lieutenant to Julius Caesar, commissioned an aqueduct to provide water for the baths he had built in the city. It was used to fill three fountains in Rome’s Via del Corso in the 12th century. While there were restorations and new aqueducts put in place here over the years, the fountain you see today was built in baroque style between 1732 and 1736, making it nearly 300 years old. The opulent masterpiece stands 85 feet high and is about 160 feet wide, as the city’s largest and most famous fountain.
The Vatican is located in Rome, but it’s an independent state governed as an absolute monarch with the pope as the head of what is the world’s smallest country. Encircled with a two-mile border, it has its own militia to protect the pope, as well as 800 full-time citizens and temporary residents. Covering just over 100 acres, it’s only about one-eighth the size of Central Park in New York City. The name Vatican City was taken from Vatican Hill, first used in the Lateran Treaty which was signed in 1929 to establish the modern city-state.
Within the Vatican are a number of cultural and religious sites, including the stunning St. Peter’s Basilica that was built upon an earlier 4th-century church, completed in 1626 after 120 years of construction. It also hosts the Vatican Museums, a massive complex of museums and galleries showcasing elaborate frescoes, paintings, sculptures, classical antiquities and tapestries, as well as Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel. The chapel is famous for its frescoes which include works by Botticelli, Perugino, Domenico Ghirlandaio, along with the ceiling and Last Judgment by Michelangelo.
The Vatican is a UNESCO-listed World Heritage Site, added in 1984. It remains the only one that is made up of an entire state. It prints its own stamps, mints its own euros, issues passports, and has its own anthem and flag. There is no taxation as souvenir sales, stamps and museum admission fees generate the Vatican’s revenue.
I was one of the most powerful politicians of the Roman Republic. My accomplishments as a Romain general helped me to gain this power. During the Gallic Wars from 58 BC to 50 BC, my army achieved several victories against the Gallic tribes expanding the Roman Republic into Gaul (present-day France and Belgium). Shortly after the Gallic Wars, I marched my army back to Roman Italy, under arms, leading to the Great Civil War (Caesar's Civil War). Again, I achieved victory and assumed control of the government giving me a position of power and influence over the Roman Republic.